International banking law: public or private?

І. Б. Кудас

Abstract


The article is focused on the legal analysis of the nature of the
international banking law. Nowadays the existence of international finance,
and within it, the international banking system can be stated. Having their
own subjects, the sources of legal regulation, and principles of interaction
in the international arena, and institutions of accountability and supervision,
the international banking law forms a homogeneous system of legal norms
grouped within the structural units of the law system – "international
banking law"; it claims the status of an independent branch of international
law.
Nowadays the first authors’ concepts of international banking law
have formed in the doctrine of international law. They are: a) the integrated
field of international private law; b) the specific legal facility of regulation,
the subject of which is banking complicated by a foreign element; c) the
regulatory unit governing the activities of international banking institutions
and consisting of transnational law rules governing international banking in
the space between national and international law; it may be a combination
of transnational and international private law; g) the interbank relations in
the international financial system are governed by norms of domestic and
international law.
The scientific debate concerning the legal nature of banking and its
place in the legal system, from our point of view, serves as a proof to
creation of an independent branch of law within the framework of the
international economic law.
The international banking system is governed by its own legal system
– international banking law which has its own subject of regulation,
participants and sources. The international banking law is either private,
and in this case it is part of the national legal system, or it is part of public
international law when its norms are created by subjects of international
law.
The participants of the legal relations always belong to one and the
same legal system (international or national law), there is no "doubling" of
legal structures within the framework of international banking law. The
subjects of public international law regulate relations in international
banking activities, determine basic rules, principles, standards, and
requirements, conduct international banking operations involving the
development of broad unification of the rules of international banking law
by signing international treaties of universal and regional nature. These
rules, principles, and standards are implemented according to the domestic
legal order by the states which present parties in international agreements


Keywords


international banking law; transnational law; private international law; subjects and sources of international banking law; international financial institutions

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21564/2225-6555.2015.2.63883

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