Basic Conditions for the Application of Force Majeure in the Practice of International Courts and Arbitrations


  • Yuri Shchokin Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Ukraine



force majeure, international legal responsibility, irresistible force, unforeseen event


The article examines force majeure as a circumstance that precludes bringing to international legal responsibility. The relevance of the article is due, on the one hand, to the growing crises in modern international relations, and on the other hand, the lack of comprehensive studies of force majeure in the Ukrainian science of international law. The purpose of the article is to generalize

modern criteria for establishing the presence of force majeure circumstances in the practice of settling disputes between subjects of public international law. The article uses general philosophical, general scientific, special scientific and legal methods of research, in particular: dialectical, formal-logical, analysis and synthesis, system-structural, formal-logical, comparative-legal, interpretation of legal norms, prognostic and logical-legal. The article analyzes Art. 23 of the draft articles on the responsibility of states for internationally wrongful acts prepared by the UN International Law Commission and submitted to the UN General Assembly in 2001 (UNGA resolution 56/83 (A/RES/56/83) of December 12, 2001). The relevant practice of a number of international courts and arbitrations was analyzed, in particular: the Permanent Court of International Justice, the International Court of Justice, the International Center for the Settlement of Investment Disputes, the Arbitration Tribunal in the Rainbow Warrior case (1990), the Arbitration Court in the dispute between the Libyan Arab Foreign Investment Company (LAFICO) and the Republic of Burundi (1991). The main conditions for the lawful use of force majeure are identified, and a forecast of the areas of its further application is given.

Author Biography

Yuri Shchokin, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University



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How to Cite

Shchokin, Y. . (2023). Basic Conditions for the Application of Force Majeure in the Practice of International Courts and Arbitrations. Theory and Practice of Jurisprudence, 1(23).