Delimitation of the concepts of «gift» and «illegal benefit» in administrative and criminal law

Authors

  • Andrii Habuda
  • Kateryna Danchenko

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21564/2225-6555.2022.21.260023

Keywords:

anti-corruption legislation, corruption-related offenses, corruption criminal offense, distinguishing features, law enforcement activities, responsibility

Abstract

The article raises issues of interpretation and application of anti-corruption terminology, in particular, the definitions of "gift" and "illegal benefit". It is noted that the correct delineation of these concepts is important not only for legal science in the application of applied research but also for rulemaking and law enforcement. It was found that courts allow different applications of Art. 172-5 of the Code of Administrative Offenses and Art. 368 of the Criminal Code and as a consequence – incorrect qualification and incorrect definition of a liability. Also, we noticed that the problems of delimitation of gifts and improper benefits are not so much a problem of legislation as to the distorted practice of its application.

Considering doctrinal developments and normative provisions of anti-corruption legislation, the author's approach to determining the differences between the studied terms is proposed. The principle position is substantiated, according to which, when delimitation of illegal benefit and a gift, violation of restrictions on receiving which constitutes an administrative offense, first of all, it should be borne in mind that illegal benefit is always provided for what act using the powers, authority or official position given to him. A gift is received by such a person not for committing or not committing an act with the use of the powers or powers granted to him, but for free, free of charge. Given that the dilemma of the gift and illegal benefit becomes acute in the law enforcement sphere, the authors propose to eliminate it by determining the relevant law enforcement guidelines by the Supreme Court.

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Published

2022-07-06

How to Cite

Habuda, A., & Danchenko, K. (2022). Delimitation of the concepts of «gift» and «illegal benefit» in administrative and criminal law. Theory and Practice of Jurisprudence, 1(21), 36–49. https://doi.org/10.21564/2225-6555.2022.21.260023

Issue

Section

CRIMINAL LAW AND CRIMINOLOGY