Criminal policy forming as a scince of criminal legal cycle

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21564/2225-6555.2020.18.216787

Keywords:

criminal policy criminal legal policy, criminal law, science of criminal legal cycle, science forming

Abstract

The article is devoted to the consideration of the problems of the formation of criminal policy as «a science of the criminal legal cycle». Because of this, the author analyzed various approaches in the context of the historical development of the category of "criminal policy". The article demonstrates certain changes in the understanding of criminal policy, as well as identifies its types, which are already considered as separate categories, institutions or sections in «the sciences of the criminal legal cycle». It can be argued that such approaches allowed them to develop sufficiently. The author emphasizes that their development was not carried out simultaneously and with different goals, which leads to a certain imbalance and the need for changes in approaches in defining criminal policy.

Criminal policy as a science formed within «the sciences of the criminal law cycle», allows to explore a separate area of scientific knowledge about the causes and consequences of crime, which are aimed at strategic counteraction to crime by means of state and public influence through systematic reform of criminal justice in the distant perspective. The influence of criminal policy is already so significant that it allows to point out the already formed policies and strategies within the framework of criminal law, criminal executive law, criminal procedural law, criminology, criminalistics and forensic sciences. Moreover, these policies and strategies can be referred to as its types and, in their unity, significantly influence the lawmaking and law enforcement processes both in Ukraine and in other states

Author Biography

Михайло Валерійович Шепітько, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University

Doctor of Law, Senior Staff Scientist,

Professor in Criminal Law Department

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Published

2020-12-14

Issue

Section

CRIMINAL LAW AND CRIMINOLOGY. CRIMINAL PROCEDURE AND CRIMINALISTICS