DOI: https://doi.org/10.21564/2225-6555.2018.13.132230

Characteristics of democracy in establishment constitution

Dodi Jaya Wardana

Abstract


Instrument (tool) democracy in the legislation making process that can be implemented are information disclosure, public participation and complaint mechanism. In general instrument (tool) democracy in the legislation making process has been fulfilled but still in a limited scale, in the form of disclosure (information), public participation, and the complaint mechanism. The most dominaty of the instrument (tool) democracy in the legislation making process is Public Participation; Although the public participation are accommodated, but the problem involvement or participation is still more of a procedural nature and the artificial, yet touched on aspects of fundamental and substantial; In the second process of legislation making process, Public Participation are dominated by a particular group mobilization approach is more power and influence than any form of individual consciousness. Using theoretical models of participation of South Africa, then participation in Indonesia over the model called A Model of Public Participation Realism. According to this model, the participation of actors tend to do and dominated by interest groups and particural organizations. Here there is a tendency to understand the «public» in the context of limited on the grounds that the public as a whole may Numbert be involved in the process of legislation making process. Especially in the context of the formation of Horticulture Act, it is clear how participation is only carried out by groups or organizations exist of group interest organization


Keywords


democracy; constitution; legislation making process; instrument (tool); information disclosure; complaint mechanism; public participation

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References


http://www. Menaiki Tangga Arnstein Menata Partisipasi Publik Yang Ideal. Diakses pada tanggal 17 Desember 2017

http://www. Mekanisme Pembahasan Undang-Undang Dilegislatif Baru. Diakses pada tanggal 17 Desember 2017.

http://www. Anotasi Undang-Undang Number 14 Tahun 2008 Tentang Keterbukaan Informasi Publik, Edisi Pertama Komisi Informasi Pusat Republik Indonesia Bekerjasama dengan Indonesian Center for Environmental Law (ICEL). Diakses pada tanggal 3 Maret 2014. Mengkaji kebijakan tentang akses dan Informasi serta partisipasi publik dalam Proses legislasi:

http://www. Aksi kelompok yang mendukung Undang-Undang Pornografi. Diakses pada tanggal 18 Desember 2017

http://www. Aksi Penolakan Terhadap Kehadiran Undang-Undang Pornografi. Diakses pada tanggal 17 Desember 2017

http://www. Partisipasi Masyarakat Dalam Proses Pembentukan Undang-Undang Di DPR Pasca Amandmen UUD 1945, diakses pada tanggal 18 Desember 2017

Risalah Rancangan Undang-Undang Hortikultura, Sekretaris jendral Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat, 2017

Risalah Undang-Undang Number 44 Tahun 2008 tentang Pornografi.

Risalah Resmi, Kamis, 30 Oktober 2008, Pembicaraan Tingkat II/Pengambilan Keputusan Terhadap Rancangan Undang-undang Pornografi


GOST Style Citations


http://www. Menaiki Tangga Arnstein Menata Partisipasi Publik Yang Ideal. Diakses pada tanggal 17 Desember 2017

 

http://www. Mekanisme Pembahasan Undang-Undang Dilegislatif Baru. Diakses pada tanggal 17 Desember 2017.

 

http://www. Anotasi Undang-Undang Number 14 Tahun 2008 Tentang Keterbukaan Informasi Publik, Edisi Pertama Komisi Informasi Pusat Republik Indonesia Bekerjasama dengan Indonesian Center for Environmental Law (ICEL). Diakses pada tanggal 3 Maret 2014. Mengkaji kebijakan tentang akses dan Informasi serta partisipasi publik dalam Proses legislasi:

 

http://www. Aksi kelompok yang mendukung Undang-Undang Pornografi. Diakses pada tanggal 18 Desember 2017 

 

http://www. Aksi Penolakan Terhadap Kehadiran Undang-Undang Pornografi. Diakses pada tanggal 17 Desember 2017 

 

http://www. Partisipasi Masyarakat Dalam Proses Pembentukan Undang-Undang Di DPR Pasca Amandmen UUD 1945, diakses pada tanggal 18 Desember 2017

Risalah Rancangan Undang-Undang Hortikultura, Sekretaris jendral Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat, 2017

 

Risalah Undang-Undang Number 44 Tahun 2008 tentang Pornografi.

Risalah Resmi, Kamis, 30 Oktober 2008, Pembicaraan Tingkat II/Pengambilan Keputusan Terhadap Rancangan Undang-undang Pornografi

 



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