Legislative regulation of foreign investment in China during the period of reforms and openness

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21564/2225-6555.2017.11.105919

Keywords:

Foreign investment, Joint ventures (Heze), Heze, Vaishan duji, Special economic zones, Normative legal acts of the PRC on enterprises with foreign capital

Abstract

The article is devoted the complex analysis of the reform process in China in the late twentieth century, in particular, main directions, purposes, tasks, peculiarities of the policy of modernization and openness. Examines the main aspects of «socialism with Chinese characteristics», the state, strategies and objectives of the legislation on foreign investments are considered, methods, nature and peculiarities of its development are determined. Thanks to the detailed study of a significant number of monographic literatures established methods, character, and peculiarities of transformations in the People's Republic of China.
Foreign investment has a number of advantages over other forms of economic development. In particular, they provide an additional source of capital investments in the production of goods and services, in some cases in the form of the transfer of advanced technologies, know-how, advanced management methods. In addition, they do not pose a heavy burden on the state budget, do not affect the external debt of the state. The inflow of foreign investment can be considered one of the indicators of openness of the economy and its high competitiveness.
In China it is believed that the consumption of investment and exports is a "triple", which brings the Chinese economy to the new frontiers. The regulatory framework for foreign investment in China consists of the following basic legislative acts: laws "On Joint Ventures with Chinese and Foreign Capital", "On Companies with Foreign Capital", etc., as well as a significant number of sub-legislative normative documents (instructions, instructions etc).
The problematic aspects in the field of investment are: the complexity of tax collection, the lack of a regulated dispute resolution system, and most importantly, the lack of investor protection, primarily the lack of protection of intellectual property rights.
As a result of reforms and the implementation of the openness policy, China has achieved tremendous success in the field of investment regulation, as well as radically reformed the legislative framework in the field of investment activity. China continues to be the leader in terms of economic growth.

Author Biography

Віталій Анатолійович Лизогуб, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University

PhD in Low, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor of Department of History of State and Law of Ukraine and foreign countries

References

Selishhev, A.S., Selishheva, N.A. Kitajskaja jekonomika v XXI veke. Sankt-Peterburg: Piter, 2004 [in Russian] ; Potapov, M.A., Salickij, A.I., Shahmatov, A.V. Jekonomika sovremennoj Azii: uchebnik. Moscow: Mezhdunar. otnoshenija, 2008 [in Russian] ; Lju Chzhan'li. Prjamye inostrannye investicii v jekonomiku Kitaja: Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Moscow, 2003 [in Russian] ; Daj, Juje. Formirovanie investicionnogo klimata v KNR: tendencii, problemy, perspektivy: Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Moscow, 2004 [in Russian] ; Miheev, V.V. Globalizacija jekonomiki Kitaja. Moscow: Pamjatniki istoricheskoj mysli, 2003 [in Russian] ; Potapov, M.A., Salickij, A.I, Shahmatov, A.V. Vozrozhdenie Azii: gorizonty modernizacii. Moscow: TEIS, 2007 [in Russian].

Kuchuk, O.V. Jekonomika Kitaja. Vladivostok: Izd-vo Dal'nevost. un-ta, 2009 [in Russian].

Pooshhrjaemy sfery dlja privlechenija investicij v Kitajskuju Narodnuju Respubliku. Torgovoe predstavitel'stvo v Kitajskoj Narodnoj Respublike. URL: http:// russchinatrade.ru/ru/about-china/invest-in-china [in Russian].

Li Lan'cin. Proryv: Kak otkryvalis' vorota strany: 30-letiju nachala reform v Kitae posvjashhaetsja. Moscow: Izd-vo Mosc. un-ta, 2010 [in Russian].

O predprijatijah inostrannogo kapitala: Zakon KNR ot 12 aprelja 1986. URL: http://chinalawinfo.ru/economic_law/law_wholly_ owned_foreign_enterprises [in Russian].

O paevyh sovmestnyh predprijatijah s inostrannym kapitalom: Zakon KNR ot 1 ijulja 1979. URL: http://chinalawinfo.ru/economic_law/law_equity_joint [in Russian].

Polozhenie Kitajskoj Narodnoj respubliki o primenenii Zakona o predprijatijah s inostrannym kapitalom ot 28 oktjabrja 1990. URL: http://forum.garant.ru/?read,1,245826 [in Russian].

O sovmestnyh akcionernyh predprijatijah: Zakon KNR ot 1 ijulja 1979. URL: http://lawbook.online/torgovoe-pravo-grajdanskoe/zakon-knr-quoto-sovmestnyih-aktsionernyih-55908.html [in Russian].

Polozhenie «O porjadke registracii v KNR investicionnyh proektov». URL: http://www.vneshmarket.ru/content/document_r_BBED2026-BED2-4150-ACAB18FC1A648D2B. html [in Russian].

Sugibin, V.A. Grazhdanskoe, torgovoe i semejnoe pravo KNR. Moscow: Prior, 2008 [in Russian].

Issue

Section

THEORY AND HISTORY OF STATE AND LAW